Most Beautiful Mountains In The World: 15 Natural Wonders To See
It is a special feeling to stand in front of a mountain and feel its grandeur. Unlike sunny beaches, vibrant cities, or any other destinations, mountains ignite the urge to conquer every single one of us.
However, it is not an easy thing to do. It does take work. That is why you don’t want to pick the wrong mountain. With these 15 most beautiful mountains in the world, choosing the wrong one would be even harder than conquering it.
Just a heads up, these mountains are chosen based on different criteria such as physical traits, cultural or historical value, etc. So, if you haven’t known about them, prepare to have several new favourites. Now, let’s meet these giants.
1. Mount Everest, Himalaya
Come to Mount Everest to experience the thrill of conquering the ultimate challenge. Photo by Andreas Gäbler by Unsplash.
The first on our list is the world’s highest mountain. Towering at 29,029 feet (8,848 metres) above sea level, Everest is the main peak of the gigantic mountain range Himalayas.
Despite being that high from the sea level, the rocks that make up Everest's geology include limestone, sandstone, and shale - all of which were created from ancient sea deposits.
The summit can be reached through several different routes (either through the Northeast Ridge from Tibet or the South Col Way from Nepal). Even though Everest is considerably one of the most beautiful mountains, the extreme weather makes it also the hardest one to climb.
Some of the difficulties include the risk of avalanches, altitude sickness, and consistently harsh weather. Therefore, Everest might not be a good option for inexperienced climbers.
Many great mountaineers, such as Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay, have made Everest a dream destination for climbing enthusiasts around the world. Considered a sacred place by Tibetan Buddhists, Everest is known for its historical and cultural significance.
Fun fact: The Nepali name of Mount Everest is “Sagarmatha”, which means “Peak of Heaven”. People name it Everest to honour Sir George Everest, a Surveyor General of India.
2. Ama Dablam - Nepal
Explore the breathtaking beauty of Ama Dablam, one of the most stunning in the Himalayas. Photo by Jack Fifield on Unsplash.
Ama Dablam, a spectacularly attractive peak in eastern Nepal's Khumbu area, is distinguished by its unique form. Compared to the previous mention, 6,812 metres (22,349 feet) of Ama Dablam might not sound too impressive.
Because of its distinctive shape with many slopes, Ama Dablam is considered one of the most difficult mountains to climb for mountaineers. However, it is regarded as one of the most beautiful mountains in the world when viewed from adjacent cities like Namche Bazaar or Tengboche.
There, the mountain's splendour is accentuated by the hues of the dawn and sunset, which provide a mystical halo around it. Every year, Ama Dablam welcomes many visitors, from climbers to photographers. After many years, Ama Dablam has never failed to provide fascination for its admirers.
3. Denali - North America
Discover the raw beauty and majesty of Denali, the highest peak in North America. Photo by Bryson Beaver on Unsplash.
Denali, or Mount McKinley as many call it, is the highest peak in North America, being 20,310 feet (6,190 metres) tall.
Situated in the centre of the Alaska Range, this beautiful mountain has a large and snow-capped peak that even the most experienced mountaineers find difficult to climb. This is because of its physical features, which include steep slopes and rough terrain.
Similar to Mount Everest, Denali is not all about hiking and climbing challenges. For people who have inhabited the area for thousands of years – the Athabaskan people of Alaska, Denali plays a significant role in terms of both history and culture.
For them, the mountain has served as a source of motivation and a representation of their ties to nature. However, the mountain got its name from the Koyukon people. In the Koyukon language, "Denali” means “The High One" or "The Big One”.
As important as it is, but not until 1980 - 63 years after the United States government approved the name Denali - that the Denali National Park and Preserve were established for protection purposes.
Since then, Denali has continuously contributed as a significant cultural and historical site for the Athabaskan people. Plus, it remains a well-liked travel destination for mountaineers and visitors from across the world.
4. Mont Blanc - France & Italy
Experience the grandeur of Mont Blanc, the highest mountain in the Alps, with its pristine snow-capped peaks and awe-inspiring vistas. Photo by Andrea Caramello on Unsplash.
The majestic Mont Blanc, which rises to a height of 4,810 metres (15,781 feet), is the tallest peak in the Alps.
On the border between France and Italy, Mont Blanc has been a well-known destination for mountaineers, hikers, and nature enthusiasts worldwide. Two of the most famous glaciers of this pretty mountain are the Bossons Glacier and the Mer de Glace.
While the former is famous for its stunning icefalls, the latter is known for its 7-mile length. If you visit the Mer de Glace, consider taking a picturesque train trip.
Here, you can walk on the glacier and discover ice caves while taking in the spectacular views of the mountains in the area. It is also the location of the Grotte de Glace, an ice cave with magnificent ice sculptures.
For experienced mountaineers, Mont Blanc is a difficult climb, but for those who want a more laid-back experience, the region has a ton of hiking routes.
Hikers seeking to take in the splendour of the Alps frequently follow the multi-day Tour du Mont Blanc trek. The tour circles the whole mountain. With a number of ski areas, including those in Italy's Courmayeur and France's Chamonix, it provides snowboarding and skiing chances regardless of skill level.
Mountain biking, rock climbing, and paragliding are some of the more popular activities in Mont Blanc. If you are an outdoor enthusiast, a trip to Mont Blanc is highly recommended.
5. Matterhorn - Switzerland & Italy
Unleash your inner adventurer and scale the imposing Matterhorn. Photo by Andrews Art on Unsplash.
The Matterhorn is a beautiful mountain in the Pennine Alps that is shared by Switzerland and Italy. It is also known as Monte Cervino in Italian and Mont Cervin in French.
Not too high at 4,478 metres (14,692 feet) tall, the attractive aspect of the Matterhorn lies elsewhere. That is its distinctive shape. From afar, the mountain looks like a pyramid, with each of its four sides facing (nearly) one cardinal direction on a compass.
Due to its special physical appearance, the mountain has endured as a representation of the Swiss Mountains and a source of creativity for poets, painters, and authors.
If you love chocolate, you might be familiar with Toblerone. Do you know that the mountain in this brand’s logo is the Matterhorn?
Quite a different feeling comes from the deaths of four climbers on the Matterhorn in 1865, one of the bloodiest climbing tragedies in history. However, this event only heightens the mountain's appeal and mystery.
6. Fitz Roy - Argentina
Witness the jaw-dropping beauty of Fitz Roy, a favourite among climbers and hikers alike. Photo by Humberto Lima on Unsplash.
This stunning peak called Fitz Roy is also often referred to as Cerro Chaltén. It can be found in the Southern Patagonian Andes at the borders of Chile and Argentina. In contrast with the plains around, Fitz Roy stands tall at 3,405 metres (11,171 ft).
Fitz Roy is infamous for its erratic weather, which may make climbing hazardous and challenging. But it is exactly why the peak is such a beloved location for climbers and hikers who travel there to take in its breathtaking grandeur and natural treasures.
Speaking of natural treasures, there are pure glacial lakes, rocky valleys, and breathtaking scenery all around this beautiful mountain.
Because of these wonderful aspects, Fitz Roy has long been a source of inspiration for outdoor enthusiasts, artists, and photographers. It represents the exploration and adventurous spirit in Patagonia. (No, not the clothing brand).
7. Mount Kilimanjaro - Tanzania
Climb and marvel at the natural beauty of the majestic Kilimanjaro, the highest peak in Africa. Photo by Harshil Gudka on Unsplash
Besides being considered one of the most beautiful mountains, Kilimanjaro is arguably one of the most famous. The East African nation of Tanzania is home to the dormant volcano known as Mount Kilimanjaro.
It is one of the Seven Summits of the globe and the highest mountain in Africa, rising to a dizzying height of 5,895 metres (19,341 ft).
Kibo, Mawenzi, and Shira are the three different volcanic cones that make up the mountain. If you have enough time to visit one cone, we recommend taking a trip to Kibo, the youngest of three, where Uhuru Peak is located.
For a long time, Mount Kilimanjaro has been a frequent destination for hikers and climbers worldwide. Whether you are a novice or an experienced one, this mountain is still accessible due to numerous paths with different difficulty levels.
The Marangu Route also called the Coca-Cola Route, is one of the most well-liked trails. It leads hikers through lush rainforests and provides breathtaking views of the surroundings.
The Machame Route, renowned for its picturesque scenery and difficult ascent, is another beloved path. Another option is the Lemosho Route, which is less congested and provides a more secluded experience.
In addition to climbing, we recommend you try other activities as well. Exploring the adjacent national parks on a safari, indulging in bird watching, and immersing yourself in the local customs are as great.
Fun fact: For lovers of literature, there is a short story by Ernest Hemmingway called “The Snows of Kilimanjaro”. If you don’t have the chance to go there, this story is another possible trip.
8. Mount Fuji - Japan
Mount Fuji is one of Japan's most sacred mountains, symbolising the country's culture and tradition. Photo by Luke Stackpoole on Unsplash
The tallest peak in Japan is Mount Fuji, which rises to a height of 3,776.24 metres (12,389 ft) on Honshu Island. It is still regarded as an active volcano that last erupted in 1707.
With its trademark symmetrical cone form and visible snow-capped top, Mount Fuji has distinct physical features that set it apart from other mountains. The mountain is a cherished location for both visitors and hikers since it is surrounded by five lakes and various hiking paths.
In Japan, Mount Fuji is very important both historically and culturally. It has long been regarded as a holy mountain and a representation of Japan's national identity. Moreover, this beautiful mountain has also played a significant role in the Japanese tourism industry.
The mountain frequently appears in literature, music, and poetry and has been the subject of many works of art. Among these, notably, the classic Japanese woodblock prints are known as ukiyo-e. Hence, Mount Fuji was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2013.
9. Mount Cook - New Zealand
Mount Cook, the highest mountain in New Zealand and a paradise for outdoor enthusiasts. Photo by Jean-Pierre Brungs on Unsplash
Mount Cook, also known as Aoraki in Maori, is the tallest and most beautiful mountain in New Zealand, with a height of 3,724 metres (12,218 ft). Also, due to its icy, steep terrain, Mount Cook is regarded as one of the world's most difficult climbs.
Still, it is a popular location for mountain climbers and hikers since it is situated in the Southern Alps of the South Island - home to many of New Zealand’s stunning landscapes.
You can also enjoy a variety of activities in Mount Cook National Park. Hiking is one of the most loved pastimes, and several paths range in difficulty.
The hiking route in Hooker Valley leads hikers to the breathtaking views of Mount Cook and the Hooker Glacier. If you fancy some challenges, the Mueller Hut Trail offers a more difficult journey. For people who go to this mountain for the first time, there are several guides offered by the locals.
Tired of climbing? The park also provides skiing and snowboarding in the winter with numerous resort options.
10. Mount Huangshan - China
Explore the mystical beauty of Mount Huangshan, a UNESCO World Heritage site. Photo by Uniq Trek on Unsplash.
Yellow Mountain, also known as Mount Huangshan, is situated in the Anhui province in eastern China. The mountain range has many peaks, the tallest of which is 1,864 metres above sea level (6,115 feet).
The unusual rock formations and stunning vistas that Mount Huangshan has to offer are what set it apart from other beautiful mountains. Surrounded by thick woods and several hot springs and waterfalls, it is no doubt that Mount Huangshan is a perfect place for relaxation.
In addition, the mountain's peculiar granite rock formations are the result of millions of years of erosion brought on by glaciers, rain, and wind.
It might not sound that impressive, but this is exactly the reason why Mount Huangshan is a great site for photographers and nature enthusiasts. Years after years, the rocks have been carved into a variety of forms, including pillars, arches, and canyons.
In Chinese culture, Mount Huangshan has always held mystical importance. Many poets, artists, and philosophers who sought enlightenment through the beauty of nature have drawn inspiration from it throughout history.
The mountain is connected to Taoism, Buddhism, and Confucianism and is regarded as one of China's holiest sites. The distinctive scenery of this mountain is perceived as a representation of the Taoist idea of the unification of man and nature.
Hence, not only popular among visitors, Mount Huangshan is a pilgrimage destination for Taoists who want to meditate and seek spiritual enlightenment.
11. Mount Roraima - Venezuela, Brazil, & Guyana
Mount Roraima is a mountain shrouded in a mystical and ancient ambience. Photo by Curioso.Photography - stock.adobe.com
A tabletop mountain called Mount Roraima is located in South America, crossing the nations of Guyana, Venezuela, and Brazil. This 2,810 metres high (9,219 feet) mountain is a tepui and a member of the Pakaraima chain.
The word “tepui” comes from the language of the Pemon people, who are the natives of this area. This term can be translated into English as "home of the gods". It shows the magical and spiritual significance that mountains have for people here.
Due to its sheer cliffs that abruptly descend into the surrounding forests, Mount Roraima stands out and has an extraordinary, surreal scene. The top is covered in thick forests home to several unusual plant species, including the Roraima bush toad and carnivorous pitcher plants.
Thanks to its magnificent geological formations, Mount Roraima is regarded as one of the most beautiful mountains in the entire world. Even though it is tough to climb, the view from the top of the peak is rewarding and unrivalled.
12. Table Mountain - South Africa
Discover the stunning natural beauty and rich cultural history of Table Mountain. Photo by Brent Ninaber on Unsplash.
For people who searching for beautiful mountains in the world, this weird-named mountain is located in Cape Town, South Africa. The reason it carries this name is its flat top. It is about 3 kilometres (1.9 miles) broad and rises to a height of 1,085 metres (3,558 feet) above sea level. Not stopping there, sandstone and granite rocks also contribute to the mountain’s distinctive look.
Table Mountain has tremendous cultural and historical importance to the people of South Africa. Similar to other mountains, Table Mountain has served as a source of inspiration for a large number of painters, authors, and poets.
For the indigenous Khoikhoi and San people, it has remained a sacred place. Throughout the apartheid, Table Mountain was used as a shelter for activists and political dissidents. Therefore, to preserve both the mountain's aesthetic value and its cultural relevance, Table Mountain National Park was established in 1998.
13. Mount Elbrus - Russia
Conquer the towering Mount Elbrus, the highest peak in Europe. Photo by Ivan on Unsplash.
On the dividing line between Europe and Asia, Mount Elbrus is situated in the west of the Caucasus Mountains range. At the height of 5,642 metres, it is the tallest peak in Europe (18,510 feet).
Mount Elbrus has 22 glaciers and is always covered in snow and ice. Surprisingly, there are many hot springs nearby. With several paths up to the top, it is a well-known option for both hikers and climbers.
Many ethnic groups, notably the ancient Caucasian Narts, have lived on the mountain for thousands of years. It has also served as a location of worship for many other faiths, such as Islam and Christianity.
During World War II, this pretty mountain served as a key position for the German forces and was the scene of several battles between the Germans and the Soviet Union.
Because of these historical and cultural events, Mount Elbrus is regarded as a symbol of the area and has become a member of the Caucasus Biosphere Reserve, a UNESCO World Heritage site.
14. Mount Thor - Canada
Challenge yourself to climb the imposing Mount Thor, the world's steepest mountain. Photo by Paul Gierszewski on Wikimedia Commons.
On the northeastern shore of Baffin Island in Canada's Nunavut territory, you can find Mount Thor in the Auyuittuq National Park. It is a portion of the Baffin Mountains, which are renowned for their imposing and difficult topography.
Even though the 1,675-metre height is not too impressive, Mount Thor is the tallest sheer vertical drop on the earth - 1,250 metres (4,101 feet) straight down. Different from others, Mount Thor also has an isolated location and severe weather. However, many consider that these aspects are what make Mount Thor a beautiful mountain.
Hence, it is regarded as one of the most difficult and hazardous climbs. But make no mistake that Mount Thor is only for experienced climbers. There are guided treks around the mountain that offer breathtaking panoramas of the surroundings.
The Inuit people, who have inhabited the area for countless years, place a great deal of cultural value on Mount Thor in addition to its natural beauty.
The mountain is revered as a holy location and is thought to be the residence of the Thunderbird, a formidable spiritual figure from Inuit mythology.
If you come to this mountain, try to start conversations with the locals. We believe there are a lot of interesting stories and legends waiting for you.
15. Kirkjufell - Ireland
Immerse yourself in the stunning natural landscapes of the magical Kirkjufell, Iceland's most picturesque mountains. Photo by canmandawe on Unsplash.
Located in Iceland, Kirkjufell’s peak rises to a height of 463 metres (1,519 feet) above sea level. Its name, Kirkjufell is an Icelandic word that can be translated to "Church Mountain" in English. There is no official information about the reason for this name, but many people believe it is a result of its church-steeple form.
The neighbouring Kirkjufellsfoss waterfall adds to the breathtaking environment at Kirkjufell. Due to its distinctive composition and shape, Kirkjufell is a well-liked hiking and photography location.
Many tourists seek to capture the tranquillity of the beautiful mountain. Understandably, it has also appeared in a variety of media, notably as a location for the hit TV series Game of Thrones.
The attractiveness of Kirkjufell also comes from the surrounding area. The Snaefellsnes Peninsula, where the mountain is located, is well-known for its spectacular and varied natural environment. Together with other spectacular characteristics, the region is home to black sand beaches, glaciers, lava fields, and volcanic craters.
Which Mountains Have You Picked?
In our humble opinion, the most beautiful mountains in the world are the most magnificent locations on Earth. Mountains have a way of reminding us of nature’s beauty and something higher than ourselves, whether we are climbing, taking pictures, or just looking at them from far distances.
Spare some time, do some preparation, visit a mountain, and immerse yourself!
Bui Hoang Hai
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